Partie 7 : À propos de la langue anglaise

Chapitre 67 : Quelques origines

Noms dont l′origine est un nom de personne, page 140

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wellingtons (wellies) Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), was a British soldier and statesman.
a sandwich John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792), would spend long hours at the gaming tables. In order to carry on with his gambling and not waste time having lunch, he would order a bread and meat concoction.

Noms dont l′origine est un nom de lieu, page 140

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bedlam Bedlam was the name of a famous London mental hospital.
suede It was borrowed in the 17th century from the French Suède (Sweden) in the expression gants de Suède.
denim The word comes from the French Serge de Nîmes. This sturdy fabric was originally made in the French city of Nîmes.
gipsy The word is an alteration of “gypcian”, a dialectal form in Middle English of “egypcien” (Egyptian), from the supposed origin of these people.
tawdry “Audrey” was a later form of “Etheldrida” (died in 679), patron saint of Ely, where tawdry laces, along with other cheap finery, were traditionally sold at a fair.

Faux emprunts, page 140

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camping a campsite, a campground
baskets trainers, tennis shoes, sneakers
smoking a tuxedo, a dinner jacket
lifting a facelift

a car park
a record holder
a diet coke
a rugby player

Food for thought, page 141

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a teddy bear the President who spared the life of a bear cub on a hunting trip: Theodore Roosevelt, nicknamed Teddy.
a hoover an American businessman who produced vacuum cleaners: William Henry Hoover.
a mackintosh an engineer who invented a method for making waterproof garments: Charles Mackintosh.
a boycott an English land agent in Ireland who was ostracized for refusing to reduce rents in the 1880s: Captain Charles Boycott.
a biro the Hungarian inventor of ballpoint pens: Jozsef Biro.
jeans the city in Italy where they were made: Genoa.
a derrick a 17th century hangman; the word originally referred to a gallows: Goodman Derrick.
macadam the Scottish engineer who first proposed compacted crushed stone as a road covering: John Loudon Macadam.