Partie 2 : La question environnementale

Chapitre 13 : Urbanization

Urban development, page 32

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the urban sprawl
a megacity, a metropolis
a capital city
a dormitory town
a shanty town, a slum
a no-go zone
an inhabitant
an urban dweller
lively, bustling
crowded, packed
unsafe, dangerous
run-down, decrepit

A conurbation, like Greater London, comprises a number of cities that have merged to form one continuous urban and industrially developed area.

Many of the problems raised by overpopulation are explored in the 1973 science fiction film Soylent Green, where people suffer from food shortages, depleted resources and poverty.

In the U.S. you find ghost towns, which are deserted because of the closing down of factories.

Areas and services, page 32

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a built-up area
the city centre, downtown
on the outskirts
the business district
the shopping area
the town council
sports facilities
medical services
public transport system
basic amenities
the sewage system
household rubbish, household garbage
a dustman, a garbage collector

Some people prefer out-of-town shopping centres also called malls. Others prefer centrally located shops, where they can walk from one place to another.

Food for thought, page 33

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The global urban population comprises today ca 4 billion. It is estimated that it will grow to 6.5 billion by 2050. This raises a number of issues. Take Delhi for instance. The population of the capital city of India is around 18 million and it is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. According to The Times of India nearly half of Delhi’s population lives in slums, with limited access to basic services like safe drinking water, electricity, sanitation or sewage system. There is a high incidence of diseases such as diarrhoea and anaemia. Delhi is considered to be the most polluted city in the world. With a projected population of 25 million by 2030, how could this city cope with even more people and slums?