Partie 2 : La question environnementale

Chapitre 15 : Living together or not

Social inequalities, page 36

Afficher le texte

the economic status
a city dweller, an urban dweller
a borough, a district, a neighbourhood
a gated community
a residential area
a housing estate
green areas, open spaces
the inner city
a slum, a shanty town
urban poverty
the housing shortage
a tower block, a high rise
a council estate, a housing project

Social inequalities in urban areas mean extreme differences in people’s well-being and access to jobs, services, housing and education.

People who live in inner-city areas often experience a poor quality of life, because of poorly maintained housing, limited access to open spaces and a feeling of insecurity.

Mixing people, page 36

Afficher le texte

community life
council housing, public housing
social mixing
to bring together
to upgrade
to restore
to demolish, to knock down
local governments
gathering places
settlement policies
cultural pursuits

Some councils in the UK encourage the building of working-class housing in upper-class areas, because they reckon that socially mixed communities are good for urban health.

Food for thought, page 37

Afficher le texte

Gated communities
A gated community is a housing estate in which entrances are strictly controlled. If you want to visit someone who lives in a gated community, you often have to talk to a security guard first, who may then let you in or not, depending on who you are, how you look and who you are friends with.

Gated communities are almost always built inside beautiful walls or fences. They often have nice names, like “Paradise” or “Dream come true”. Inside, you will find high value properties and of course many amenities, like a swimming pool, a tennis court, a gym and possibly a small shopping centre and a health centre. While some people love living in gated communities in which they feel “protected from the outside world”, others claim they are contrary to democratic and open cities, and belong to a world of mass surveillance, increased inequality and uneasiness in accepting the world and its diversity.