Partie 5 : Problèmes de société

Chapitre 44 : Discrimination and civil rights

Discrimination, page 94

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to be discriminated against
prejudice against
a scapegoat
peer pressure
a caste
an outcast
incitement to racial hatred
sexual harassment
a hate crime
human trafficking
child abuse

The U.S. government is intent on tackling the problem of racial prejudice in the police force.

Fortunately, such blatant discrimination against women is now disappearing.

Civil rights, page 94

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human rights
a human rights activist, a human rights defender
inalienable rights
the right to vote, suffrage
equal opportunities
affirmative action
the right of asylum
to apply for political asylum
to show solidarity, to stick together
to fight bigotry
a demonstration, a protest

Individual liberties include freedom of speech, opinion, worship, association and the press.

Freedom of speech is an inalienable right in the U.S., which means that it cannot be taken away from you.

Gandhi is famous for having used civil disobedience during the Indian independence movement.

Food for thought, page 95

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The doctrine that condoned segregation
The “separate but equal” doctrine was a U.S. law that allowed racial segregation: facilities and services could be separated along racial lines, if the facilities and services provided to each group were equal.

In the 1950s it was legal in the State of Alabama, among many others, to have two separate sections on buses: one for coloured people and one for whites. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks boarded a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, and was asked to give up her seat to a white passenger. As she refused, she was arrested and fined for it. The blacks of Montgomery, under the leadership of Martin Luther King, boycotted Montgomery buses for over a year.

Eventually, the United States Supreme Court declared that bus segregation was unconstitutional. So bus segregation was ended, but other forms of segregation and discrimination remained.