Partie 5 : Problèmes de société

Chapitre 46 : Education

Types of education, page 98

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a nursery school, a kindergarten, a preschool
primary schools, elementary schools
secondary schools, high schools
a curriculum
co-educational, co-ed
the national curriculum
further education, adult education
higher education
a liberal arts college
a medical school
a law school
vocational education

Some students choose vocational schools, as they prefer practical training for a specific craft. They often work as apprentices or interns.

Learning, page 98

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a subject
literacy skills
learning difficulties
to register for a course, to enrol for a course
to be self-taught
the school staff
distance learning
a careers advisor, a careers counselor
continuous assessment
to pass an exam
to fail
a test

Our students are taking their A levels next week.
Our students are taking their high school diploma next week.

Most U.S. states have a school leaving age of 16 or 17.

Food for thought, page 99

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The cost of a university education
According to the Institute for College Access and Success, the average American student will graduate with a debt close to $30,000, which implies a repayment of over $320 per month over a ten-year period.

If the average student’s debt is “only” $30,000 it’s because parents usually save money to cover their children’s post-secondary education. Many parents face a difficult choice: either put money aside for their own retirement or for their children’s education.

Some economists claim that students’ debts are detrimental to the economy, because they push back the moment they can buy a home, start a family or borrow money to start their own business.

Some politicians, especially in the Democratic Party, find this system absurd and would like the government to fund access to higher education, which, they claim, will make the U.S. richer and more competitive and will also revive the American dream for all young people. Others consider that a university degree will make students richer, and so, they should pay for it…